Lord of the Flies

by William Golding

The Hired Girl

Laura Amy Schlitz


Animal Farm by George Orwell | 60second Recap® Decoder™ Study Guide Resources

Animal Farm is a novel about the struggle of farm animals to create an egalitarian society. Its subtext: Humans seek power at any cost.

Subtext is all about WHY.  And, no, we don't mean WHY as in “Why are you tormenting me by making me look for subtext?” We mean WHY like, “Why did the author choose to have the characters act this way?”

Let's break this word down. Sub. Text. Sub, as in, below or under. Text, as in, the words you're reading in some interminable novel or other.

So, subtext is the meaning behind the words on the page.

Night by Elie Wiesel: 60second Recap Decoder Video Study Guide

Night is a memoir about a young boy's journey through the nightmare of the Holocaust. Its subtext: If it happened once, it can happen again.

Example: That awkward or annoying guy or girl asks if you want to hang out sometime. And you say, "Sure. Whatever." But you don't really mean, "Sure. Whatever." You mean,"No way" or "Um, NEVER!"

"No way" or "Um, NEVER!" are the subtext!

I know, I know. You're not inside these authors' heads. So how do you know what the subtext is? Think of it this way: Subtext is all about why.

Why did the author choose to have these characters act this way?
Why did the author have this or that happen in the plot?
Why is the author banging me over the head with this particular symbol?

Asking "Why?" will help you get to that deeper meaning. And, just maybe, make you look like a literary genius.

Next: Symbols in Literature.

How to Write an A+ Essay: Thesis StatementsWouldn't it be great if your essay wrote itself?

Sorry, can't help you there. But what if I could show you how to save time and trouble with a simple technique for organizing your research? And what if I told you that this strategy would enable you to write your best essay yet?

It's easier than you think. In How to Write an A+ Paper: A Step by Step Guide to Acing Your Next Assignment, I'll show you an "on-the-fly" strategy I use for gathering and organizing facts before I begin to write.

Find out more at Amazon, or start by reading the introduction.

Literary Analysis 101: Dictionary of Terms Metaphor in Literature

Find the complete eight video guide to literary terms here.

Motifs in Literature: Literary Analysis 101. 60second Recap

Literary Analysis 101: Dictionary of Terms Motifs in Literature

Also at Recap Resource:

Essay Writing Guide:

Get Psyched
Get a Thesis Statement
Get Organized
Get Smart
So What?
Get an Ending
Make it Sing!
Thesis Statements: Four Steps

Make-Your-Own-Recap Tutorial:

Pick your topic
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